Welcome to Darbhanga

Darbhanga is one of the most important northern districts of Bihar , situated in the heart of Mithilanchal, with its fertile alluvial plains of north India, its name derives from the main city, it is said, was founded by Darbhangi Khan. It is also said that Darbhanga means DWAR BANGA "The Gate way of Bengal."

According to its legendary origin, it is believed that here lived in exile the Pandavas , had great kings, as Janak, Sita's father, a scholar and philosopher.

Darbhanga, with its 2279 km2 in area, consists of four natural areas: the eastern part, sandy and marshy, with blocks and sediment carried by the river Kosi, the most fertile area, south of the Gandak river, the natural area between Burhi Gandak rivers and Baghmati , higher ground but also watery and Sadar area, crossed by numerous streams.

In fact there are no forests and hills, is completely flat with a gentle slope from north to south. Its climate is dry and healthy, the warmest month is May, and June is the wettest.

The fertile land of Darbhanga is almost fully grown; we will find palms, mango and tamarind trees near the cities. Wild animal life is extinct in the eighteenth century; however, there are many fish and birds.

Darbhanga is a cultural destination ideal for enthusiasts of the great mass fairs and festivals of India. The most important parties are Kartik Purnima Mela, Dussehra Mela, Diwali Mela Mela and Janmastami, and at the same time is an important space for popular art.

The popular art of Darbhanga is characterized by line drawings are filled with bright contrasting colors. During the ceremonies the walls and balconies are painted and decorated especially with various techniques, such as "sujunis" which consists in covering the walls with fabrics and tapestries, and Mithila paintings are made, typical of religious and mythological events, on paper or material, from the primary colors.

Visitors interested to know that here in northern Bihar grows an herb called sikka tall; with gold end in reality it is the only place in India where it is found. The skilled hands of artisans using ancient techniques coils and used for sewing, stained with dyes, with a needle called Takua. Another characteristic of the region's craft is the art of wood inlay, using different materials like metal and ivory, and wood grain and dye different effects varied and beautiful.

Darbhangā is a municipal corporation and the capital city of old Darbhanga Raj and present headquarters of Darbhanga district and Darbhanga Division in the state of Bihar, India.It is 2nd big medical and educational hub of Bihar. Darbhanga has been developing rapidly. It is one of the most important district & city of North Bihar situated in the very heart of Mithilanchal.[1] Darbhanga is also the headquarter of Darbhanga division. According to the latest 2011 census, the total population of the district is 3,921,971, of which about 91.30% live in rural areas. There are 511,125 people in scheduled castes, while there are only 841 people in scheduled tribes; together, they account for 15.53% of the total population. The total male population is 2,053,043, with the female population being 1,868,928. The population density is as high as 1,721 per km2 and the sex ratio is 910.[2] 290,889 families were below the poverty line, with 1,745,334 people (66.28% of the population).

Darbhanga town attained the status of a city in 1961. Darbhanga is the seat of the Maharaja of Darbhanga. Laheriasarai that is the seat of district and divisional administration is a part of the Darbhanga town. The Raj area is a well developed and beautifully laid-out complex of palaces, temples, offices, parks, gardens and ponds. There are a number of palaces built by the successive Maharajas, important among them being Nargauna Palace, Anandbagh Bhawan and Bela Palace. A number of buildings are in the use of Sanskrit University and L.N.Mithila University. The old Raj Library has been taken over by the Mithila University. The Maharajas of Darbhanga have traditionally been very great patrons of art and literature and through their magnificence have always provided encouragement to the scholars of Maithili and Sanskrit. Mahesh Thakur who founded the Raj was a renowned scholar of Sanskrit. Emperor Akbar who was very much impressed by Raghunandan Jha, a scholar and disciple of Mahesh Thakur, conferred the estate upon him.