Welcome to Darbhanga

Geographical Profile Presently Darbhanga district is having the total geographical area of 2279 sq. km. and population of 3295789 according to 2001 census. It is situated between longitude 85 degree 45’- 86 degree 25’ East and latitude 25 degree 53’ - 26 degree 27’ North and is bounded on the north by Madhubani district, on the south by Samastipur district, on the east by Saharsa district and on the west by Sitamarhi and Muzaffarpur districts.Geological ProfileThe District of Darbhanga can be divided into four natural divisions. The eastern portion consisting of Ghanshyampur, Biraul and Kusheshwarsthan blocks contain fresh silt deposited by the Kosi River. This region was under the influence of Kosi floods till the construction of Kosi embankment in the Second Five Year Plan. It contains large tracts of sandy land covered with wild marsh.

The second division comprised of the anchals lying south of the Boorhi Gandak river and is the most fertile area in the district. It is also on higher level than the other part of the district and contains very few marshes. It is well suited to the rabbi crops.

The third natural region is the doab between the Burhi Gandak and Baghmati and consists of the low-lying areas dotted over by chaur and marshes. It gets floods every year.

The fourth division covers the Sadar sub-division of the district. This tract is watered by numerous streams and contains some up-lands.

The district has a vast alluvial plain devoid of any hills. There is a gentle slope from north to south with a depression on the centre. Numerous rivers originating in the Himalays water this district. Out of these rivers Kamla, Baghmati, Kosi and Kareh are of most importance.

The District has somewhat dry and healthy climate. There are three well-marked seasons, the winter, the summer & the Rainy season. The cold weather begins in November and continues up to February, though March is also somewhat cool. Westerly winds begin to blow in the second half of March and temperature rises considerably. May is the hottest month when the temperature goes up to 107 degree Fahrenheit. Rain sets in towards the middle of June. With the advent of the Rainy seasons, temperature falls and humidity rises. The moist heat of the Rainy season is very oppressive up to August .The rain continues till the middle of October. Average rainfall is 1142.3 mm. around 92% of rainfall is received during monsoon months.

Month-wise rainfall and number of days are given in the following tables:

  Normal Rainfall and its Days
SL Month Rain-Fall (mm) Days of Rain-Fall
1. July 286.50 11.80
2. August 280.80 12.00
3. September 188.60 8.90
4. October 80.00 2.60
5. November 8.20 0.40
6. December 1.80 0.40
7. January 12.60 1.00
8. February 10.50 1.20
9. March 9.90 0.90
10. April 18.50 1.40
11. May 59.30 3.30
12. June 186.10 7.60
  TOTAL 1,142.30 51.30
  Actual Rainfall in the District   
SL Year  Rain-Fall (mms)
1. 1991 761.90
2. 1992 628.40
3. 1993 881.30
4. 1994 822.50
5. 1995 930.20
6. 1996 887.00
7. 1997 1,198.90
8. 1998 1,121.20
9. 1999 767.50
10. 2000 766.00
11. 2001 943.60
12. 2002 830.46
13. Sep'2003 768.77